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  1. Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)

    Traditional Mulberry System in Xiajin’s Ancient Yellow River Course




    Traditional Mulberry System in Xiajin’s Ancient Yellow River Course is located on the sandy land, which is the ancient course left by the Yellow River when its course changed in the Dongzhou Dynasty. The mulberry trees were planted to control the sandstorms, and to provide agricultural products. Their history started in 11 A.D. The heritage system covers an area of more than 400 hectare. Over 20,000 mulberry trees, which are over 100 years old, are living in the heritage site. The heritage site, being the witness of these developments, has shown its resilience in the face of socio-economic and environmental change.

    The heritage system has witnessed the development of China’s sericulture industry, and enjoys rich cultural connotations. It embodies the historic memories and spirits relating to the ancient course of the Yellow River and the mulberry trees. It shows the experience of planting mulberry trees, combining agriculture and forestry, and the rejuvenation of old trees. It also reflects the philosophy of harmonious development of humans and nature, and offers many lessons for modern agriculture and social development.